Category Archives: American Indians

Move, Shoot, Communicate

US Mail and the Pony Express All civilizations share certain characteristics, which include large population centers where economic transactions take place, architecture that house social institutions (government offices, court rooms, religious centers),  where craftsman and artisans produce their masterpieces.  Civilizations … Continue reading

Posted in American Frontier, American Indians, History, Old West Communications | 2 Comments

California Indians — Part IV

The Modoc War When the Commissioner of Indian Affairs failed to respond to Alfred Meacham’s request, Meacham took it upon himself to petition General Edward Canby[i], Commanding General of the Department of the Columbia, to move Captain Jack’s band to … Continue reading

Posted in American Indians, California, History, Indian War | 2 Comments

California Indians — Part III

Oppressive California California government soon became an instrument of Indian oppression.  In Governor John McDougall’s first address to the California legislature, he promised “… a war of extermination will continue to be waged between the races until the Indian race … Continue reading

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California Indians — Part II

The Republic of Mexico In 1823, the flag of the Republic of Mexico replaced that of Nuevo España.  In all likelihood, none of the California Indians noticed the change.  In Mexico City, however, major changes were underway, not the least … Continue reading

Posted in American Indians, California, History, Indian War | Tagged , , | 6 Comments

California Indians — Part I

Part of the problem we have understanding the indigenous people of the present-day United States is the reality that, “Native” Americans weren’t native to the Americas.  It’s more than semantics, but to avoid nitpicking, it might be fair to say … Continue reading

Posted in American Indians, California, History, Indian War | Tagged , | 4 Comments

Old West Vice

The River The Mississippi River is the second-longest river in North America, extending 2,320 miles in length.  Its watershed drains all or part of 32 states (and two Canadian provinces), its drainage basin encompassing 1.1 million square miles.  It runs … Continue reading

Posted in American Frontier, American Indians, American Southwest, History, Society, Vice and other entertainments | 6 Comments

The Dakota war

Prologue One of the problems with public education is that curricula, teachers, and teaching materials oversimplify history.  We may certainly understand why this is so at the elementary level, but not as children progress into secondary schools.  Another possible explanation … Continue reading

Posted in American Frontier, American Indians, History, Justice, Minnesota, Pioneers, Sioux Indians, Society | 1 Comment

Cherokee Blood Bath

Some Background On 28 May 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law.  The Act authorized the President of the United States to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi River in exchange for Indian lands within … Continue reading

Posted in American Indians, Cherokee Nation, History, Indian Territory | 2 Comments